Also in 1967, McCain's plane was shot down over Hanoi, Vietnam, and he was captured by North Vietnamese troops. He was tortured for more than five years as a prisoner of war.
After resettling in Arizona, McCain ran for Congress in 1982. He was called carpetbagger, but won the U.S. House seat anyway. After two terms, he was elected to the U.S. Senate, succeeding Barry Goldwater.
McCain married Cindy Hensley, his second wife, in 1980. She is the daughter of a Valley beer distributor. McCain fathered seven children, including Bridget, a girl adopted from Bangladesh. Another daughter, Meghan McCain, is a television host and blogger.
A low point in his political career was when McCain was implicated in the Keating Five campaign contribution scandal. The senator emerged with a new passion to reform money in politics. Called a maverick, he bucked his party as he worked with Democrats on campaign finance and other issues.
McCain campaigned for president in 2000 and 2008. In 2008, he won the Republican nomination with a surprising choice of running mate: then-Alaska Gov. Sarah Palin. McCain lost in the general election to Democrat Barack Obama. In 2000, McCain rode his Straight Talk Express bus as he campaigned, and George W. Bush ultimately won the nomination.
After the second failed presidential bid, McCain continued as senator, assuming the role of an elder statesman. He visited troops overseas and dug into foreign policy.