Understanding SB1062: 8 things you need to know about Arizona's controversial bill

PHOENIX - A controversial bill passed by the Arizona Legislature has sparked conversation and debate across the nation.

Have questions about Senate Bill 1062? Watch our town hall with questions and answers from Arizona experts and lawmakers: http://on.abc15.com/1cIc8wQ

What does the new bill change?

SB1062 redefines and expands the state's definition of "exercise of religion" and "state action" to protect businesses, corporations and people from lawsuits after denying services based on a sincere religious belief.

According to the bill, "A person whose religious exercise is burdened in violation of this section may assert that violation as a claim or a defense in a judicial proceeding, regardless of whether the government is a party to the proceeding."

View the bill on the Arizona State Legislature's website .

The bill also establishes a set of needed guidelines for when this potential defense could be used in court:
- The person's action or refusal to act is motivated by a religious belief
- The person's religious belief is sincerely held
- The state action substantially burdens the exercise of the person's religious beliefs

Why are people upset?

The bill defines a "person" as "any individual, association, partnership, corporation, church, religious assembly or institution or other business organization."

Opponents of the bill fear that the legislation would lead to businesses discriminating against people, such as those in same-sex unions, based solely on the owner's religious beliefs.

Read more: Religious freedom bill riles gay supporters

Read more: Valley business turns away same-sex couple

What do supporters of the bill say?

Cathi Herrod, President of the Center for Arizona Policy, an organization that supports the passing of the bill, says the bill "protects the religious freedom of every Arizonan."

In a statement released Saturday, Feb. 22, Herrod said, "It's a shame that we even need a bill like this in America. But growing hostility against freedom in our nation, and the increasing use of government to threaten and punish its own citizens, has made it necessary."

"I urge Governor Brewer to send a clear message to the country that in Arizona, everyone, regardless of their faith, will be protected in Arizona by signing SB1062," the statement said.

What happens now?

The Arizona State Legislature approved passage of SB1062 on Thursday, Feb. 20. The bill was delivered to Gov. Jan Brewer's desk on Monday, Feb. 24. She has until Saturday, March 1 to either sign or veto it.

What has Gov. Jan Brewer said about the bill?

Gov. Brewer was not in the state of Arizona when the legislation was passed, but in Washington D.C. She did issue a statement saying that she understands the bill is controversial and still needs to research it before making a final decision. She said she expects to make a decision by next week.

"I think anybody that owns a business can choose who they work with or who they don't work with," Brewer told CNN in Washington on Friday. "But I don't know that it needs to be statutory. In my life and in my businesses, if I don't want to do business or if I don't want to deal with a particular company or person or whatever, I'm not interested. That's America. That's freedom."

On Sunday, Feb. 23, Brewer's spokesman, Andrew Wilder, said Gov. Jan Brewer is "keenly aware" of the amount of discussion surrounding the bill.

Who supported this bill?

Rep. Steve Yarbrough, Dist. 17, is the primary author of the SB1062. Reps. Nancy Barto, Dist. 15, and Bob Worsley, Dist. 25, both co-sponsored the bill.

The Legislature passed the bill Thursday, Feb. 20 with a 33-27 vote. You can view who voted in favor and against the bill on the Legislature's website .

Where can I read the bill for myself?

The Arizona Legislature keeps an online record of each bill presented during the course of a session. You can visit the Legislature's website and search for "SB1062" to pull up the bill's history.

Will the passing of SB1062 affect the state's hosting of Super Bowl XLIX?

The Super Bowl Committee released a statement Monday against SB1062 saying the bill would deal a significant blow to the state's economic growth.

"We share the NFL's core values which embrace tolerance, diversity, inclusiveness and prohibit discrimination. In addition, a key part of the mission for the Arizona Super Bowl Host Committee is to promote the economic vitality of Arizona," the statement said.

Read more: Arizona Super Bowl Host Committee: 'We do not support this legislation"

Barry Broome, president of the Greater Phoenix Economic Council sent a letter to the governor saying, "With major events approaching in the coming year, including Super Bowl XLIX, Arizona will be the center of the world's stage. This legislation has the potential of subjecting the Super Bowl, and major events surrounding it, to the threat of boycotts."

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