PHOENIX - It took 101 days, one week of national outrage and countless battles.
But the Arizona Legislature did it. It officially wrapped up its 2014 session around 1:45 a.m. on Thursday, following hours of debates that began Wednesday and a last-minute threat by House legislators over a bill that extends the life of several state boards.
Among the many actions taken by the Republican-controlled Legislature is House Bill 1062, which would have allowed businesses to discriminate against gays and other based on religious beliefs, and which thrust Arizona once again into the national spotlight.
After a week of protests, calls for vetoes by the business community and unfortunate appearances by legislators on national talk shows, Republican Gov. Jan Brewer axed the bill on Feb. 26.
There was much more to come.
Both chambers approved a series of pro-gun bills that would have allowed guns into government buildings and would have punished cities towns and their lawmakers who enact ordinances stricter than the state's own gun laws. Brewer vetoed those two bills too.
Legislators also spent the session battling over proposed expansions of the state's school voucher program, which allows students to use public funds for private school and other educational needs.
The Arizona Empowerment Scholarships Account program was created in 2011 for students with disabilities but was expanded last year to students from low-performing schools.
Nearly 700 students are currently enrolled. But proposed legislation by Rep. Debbie Lesko, R-Peoria, would have made an additional 100,000 to 120,000 low-income students eligible for the program. The bill was voted down after hours of debate, although other smaller expansions were successful.
For example, Brewer signed into law on Wednesday two bills that expand eligibility to siblings of students already enrolled in the program and to students whose military parent was killed in action. Yet another bill, Senate Bill 1237, would have allowed all students in the program to get extra funding that is meant only for students who leave charter schools to join the program. But that provision of the bill was stripped out by an amendment late Wednesday evening. The bill, still approved, allow parents of special needs children enrolled in the program to get verification from an independent contractor that would allow them to receive extra funding, instead of going through the school district the child previously attended. That means school districts save money on labor associated with the approval process. The Senate gave final approval to SB1237 with a 25-3 vote. The bill is headed to the governor's office.
Another issue was the regulation of ride-sharing companies such as Uber and Lyft.
Legislators spent a large portion of the session debating how to regulate the tech startups that allow riders to find a driver by using a mobile app.
House Bill 2262 would regulate Uber and others in some ways, but would exempt them in many others. The House gave final approval to the bill late Wednesday and it is now headed to the governor for action.
To the chagrin of traditional taxi and limo companies and banking and insurance lobbyists, the companies would not be forced to insure their drivers during the entire duration that they are on the job. Uber drivers are only insured from the time they accept a ride request to the time they drop off a passenger. That means a driver who is working on the road but has not yet received a request for a ride is not insured by the company unless the driver's personal insurance denies the claim, in which case Uber provides its contingent policy.
In the last days of the session, the Senate failed to pass a bill that would have helped the city of Glendale cover public safety costs during next year's Super Bowl. Senate President Andy Biggs criticized Glendale for "fiscal mismanagement" as the bill that had earlier passed the House went down on a 10-16 vote. Glendale Mayor Jerry Weiers said the city cannot afford to cover those costs on its own, and it might not be able to host in the future without assistance.
Lawmakers also passed legislation stripping the Arizona Citizens Clean Commission of authority to oversee candidates that don't participate in the public funding program, a bill that could make human smugglers convicted of murder eligible for the death penalty and one that that would speed up the certification process for high-caliber firearms for private citizens.
A last-minute standoff between the House and the Senate led to a delay in what is referred to as "sine die," which is the Latin way of saying the session has adjourned.
The impasse was over Senate Bill 1314 by Sen. Al Melvin, R-Tucson, which originally would have continued the existence of
the Board of Barbers. The board oversees the practices of barbers for another 8 years. But the House tacked on several other agencies and provisions to the bill at the last minute, angering many in the Senate who called the actions a travesty. In the end, the Senate approved the bill 17-11 to avoid delaying adjournment even longer.
Although the session has ended, legislators will come back soon for a special session to address the new child welfare agency that is being created. Brewer pulled CPS from the Department of Economic Security in January after authorities discovered 6,600 child abuse and neglect cases that were no investigated between late 2009 and last November. Brewer appointed Charles Flanagan, then the director of the state juvenile corrections department, to lead the new agency. But the Legislature must still create and fund the agency through legislation.